In mid-April, a humongous explosion rocked the Texas town of West when a fire broke out at an agriculture retail facility storing ammonium nitrate. The blast killed 14 people, injured more than 200, and left a crater 93 feet wide and 10 feet deep. If this and other forms of ammonia are so explosive before being used as fertilizer, what happens when it is used in agriculture? More at National Geographic’s NewsWatch blog, http://on.natgeo.com/10oCQjh.
When I was a teenager in New York City, one of the most important discoveries I made was that wild raspberries grew in the local parks. The fruit was delicious, of course, and I could count on the berries appearing at the end of July.
As I grew up, though, a funny thing happened. When I came back to the raspberry patches at the end of July, they were gone and eaten by other people or creatures. I learned that the raspberries were now ripening earlier in the season. Today, you can count on picking wild raspberries in the Bronx in early July.
One of the long-proven impacts of climate change is the disruption in the growing seasons. It is the anecdotal evidence that, for me, drove the point home that climate change is real. It is not just the world that is changing, but my childhood haunts were changing as well. But far more has been proven to be at stake. Again and again, studies have repeatedly confirmed how climate change is disrupting the growing seasons and is challenging how we live on this planet.
Are my childhood raspberries relevant now that world leaders once again failed to agree on halting the pace of climate change? Is this an issue that affects us in small and personal ways? Or is climate change a larger planetary catastrophe in the making? Judging from the questions posed at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which met most recently in Durban, South Africa, last week, climate change is a more anecdotal problem, one that runs secondary to the major economic questions of the day.
Should developing countries be allowed to pollute the world as much as developed countries have already? Should developed countries stop polluting if developing countries can still do so? Should we save the environment at the expense of the economy? But what if the environment as we changed it disrupts the economy?
The debate is dominated mostly by those countries with large-scale economies though, and the impacts of climate change have not been felt universally on more than a personal level, on the scale of my raspberries. Countries such as Canada can pull out of the current treaty with impunity, cynically talking about the impossibility of making economic sacrifices to reduce emissions. For small island countries, however, whose very existence is threatened by rising sea levels, addressing climate change is a critical component of their international diplomacy.
The international deliberations have taken place for decades now; as one college student put it quite memorably, “You’ve been negotiating my entire life.” The lack of progress is tied directly to this lack of universal urgency.
Ultimately, the problem will not be solved at large international meetings, where the push for consensus—a solution that everyone agrees on—results in all parties agreeing to agree, but not agreeing to take action. The Durban talks, for example, ended with an agreement that a new agreement will be negotiated.
In reality, climate change can only be tackled in the prologue leading up to these meetings. If consensus is needed, then representatives from every country must attend these meetings with an urgent mandate to reduce emissions. To expect countries to negotiate on reducing emissions without committing themselves to that goal is absurd. What we have as a result is a permanent process, not a solution to the planetary threat of global warming.